A hypothesis is a predictive statement based upon observation or experience which can be tested through experiments in order to find out whether it is true or not.A hypothesis is clearly stated without any ambiguity in order to prove its accuracy through investigation. It is clearly described when the results are stated in a dissertation. The hypothesis is significant:
· in distinguishing research objectives
· in identifying the main ideas
· in connecting literature review and thesis statement
Formulation of Hypothesis
Hypothesis is basically a measurable observation. If it is not measurable than it cannot be formulated because there are least null chances to reject or verify it. Hypothesis is formulated after passing through number of stages. The problem statement when further elaborated turns into research hypothesis. A thesis statement if formulated by combining the existing knowledge and the researcher’s observation. This thesis statement after proper operationalization is converted into a research hypothesis.
However in order to formulate a best hypothesis a number of steps are involved:
1. State your problem
Clearly state the problem or statement. Ambiguous statements leads to confusions. Which can affect the accuracy of the results. The problem should be clearly defined, measurable and quantifiable.
2. Initial Reading
After clearly stating the problem. The researcher is advised to conduct initial readings. This reading helps in understanding the stance of the researcher. Reading helps in identifying the existing work related to problem. It helps in evaluating other people’s stance on the issue. It will also help in understanding that how a better hypothesis can be formulated.
3. Other’s Opinion
After studying and understanding the existing research the research will be able to choose directions for his own research. Now the best strategy is to discuss with other people. It will help in broadening the understanding of the problem. Sometimes the hypothesis proved to be wrong. In order to avoid such a situation the researcher should discuss with people. Other’s opinion will help him in formulating a better hypothesis.
4. Segmentation of the Data
Divide your date into parts. Select few key words. Try to evaluate your problem on the basis of these key words. Sometimes it happen that one key word will not be satisfying your prediction. At that very moment another key word will satisfy your thoughts. At that point it is important that the data should be divided into key words. It would assess in designing a better hypothesis.
5. Self-analysis of the Data
After collecting sufficient data analyze the data critically. While analyzing your data following points should be kept in mind:
· It should fulfill the goal
· It should be testable
· It should be insightful
6. Verification of the Data
After analyzing the data take a verification test. Verification test will help in analyzing the worth of the hypothesis. Following points are noteworthy while evaluating the data:
· Substantial variations of the problem
· Possible solutions to the problem
7. Evaluation of the Data
After verification of data the last step is to find out the validity of the data. Whether it would be applicable or not. Once the validity is proved than write down a hypothesis.